ASSESSING THE WILLINGNESS TO PAY FOR CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT OF WETLANDS AT JAGDISPUR RESERVOIR IN KAPILVASTU DISTRICT OF NEPAL

Authors

  • Rama Gyawali
  • Gyan Bandhu Sharma Faculty of Forestry, Agriculture and Forestry University, Hetauda, Nepal
  • Jiban Shrestha Nepal Agricultural Research Council, National Plant Breeding and Genetics Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.59465/ijfr.2024.11.1.127-138

Keywords:

Conservation and Management, Wetland, Wetland Goods and Services, Willingness to Pay, Contingent Valuation Method

Abstract

Wetlands are one of the world's most productive ecosystems. They have significant ecological, economic, cultural, and recreational significance. However, wetlands are being misused and degraded; therefore, wise and sustainable use of wetlands, conservation and management of wetlands resources are critical at the local level. Community-based conservation is a method of managing wetlands near settlements sustainably. The objective of this study was to determine local people's willingness to pay (WTP) for community-based conservation and management activities, as well as the factors which influence it, at the Jagdispur Reservoir in Nepal's Kapilvastu district. A total of 62 households were surveyed. Household surveys and key informant interviews were conducted. Contingent valuation was used to elicit WTP, while regression analysis identified significant determinants. Thirteen provisioning, regulating, cultural and supporting services were identified, including irrigation, fisheries, tourism and biodiversity. Of 62 households, 67% expressed WTP averaging NRs 3,351 (US $ 25.38) annually. WTP was higher for proximal households, reflecting greater dependence. Cash payments dominated, but labor contributions were also substantial. Age, income, participation in conservation, and distance from wetlands positively and significantly influenced WTP. Whereas education, gender, ethnicity and number of family members did not. The findings indicate a high value placed on sustaining wetland services, justifying investment in conservation and wise use. Follow-up research on governance, benefit sharing and sustainable financing is recommended to translate WTP into effective action. Overall, the results provide important baseline data to guide policies and collective action for wetland stewardship.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Asadi, M., Ghaderzadeh, H., & Seirafi, F. (2012). Economic valuation of the Zarivar Lake, Iran. Lakes Reservoirs and Ponds, 6, 154-164.

Baral, S., Basnyat, B., Khanal, R., & Gauli, K. (2016). A total economic valuation of wetland ecosystem services: An evidence from Jagadishpur Ramsar site, Nepal. The Scientific World Journal, 2016.

Barbier, E.B., Acreman, M., & Knowler, D. (1997). Economic valuation of wetlands: a guide for policy makers and planners. Ramsar Convention Bureau, Gland, Switzerland. Pp.1-143

Bhandari, A.R., Khadka, U.R., & Kanel, K.R. (2018). Ecosystem Services in the Mid-Hill Forest of Western Nepal: A Case of Panchase Protected Forest. Journal of Institute of Science and Technology, 23 (1), 10-17. DOI: 10.3126/jist.v23i1.22146

Bhandari, P., K.C., M., Shrestha, S., Aryal, A., & Shrestha, U.B. (2016). Assessments of ecosystem service indicators and stakeholder's willingness to pay for selected ecosystem services in the Chure region of Nepal. Applied Geography, 69, 25-34.

Bhatt, M.S., Shah, A.S., & Abdullah, A. (2014). Willingness to pay for preserving wetland biodiversity: a case study. International Journal of Ecological Economics and Statistics, 35(4), 85-99.

Blomquist, G.C., & Whitehead, J.C. (1998). Resource quality information and validity of willingness to pay in contingent valuation. Resource and Energy Economics, 20 (2), 179-196. DOI: 10.1016/S0928-7655(97)00035-3

Carson, R.T. & Mitchell, R.C. (1993). The value of clean water: the public's willingness to pay for boatable, fishable, and swimmable quality water. Water Resources Research, 29(7), 2445-2454.

Davidson, N.C. (2014). How much wetland has the world lost? Long-term and recent trends in global wetland area. Marine and Freshwater Research, 65(10), 934-941

Eneji, V.C.O., Qi, G., Jian, X., Oden, S.N., & Okpiliya, F.E. (2009). A review of the dynamics of forest resources valuation and community livelihood: Issues, arguments, and concerns. Journal of Agriculture, Biotechnology and Ecology, 2(2), 201-231.

Hanley, N. & Barbier, E.B. (2009). Pricing nature: cost-benefit analysis and environmental policy. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Hoevenagel, R. (1994). The contingent valuation method: Scope and validity. PhD- thesis, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

ICIMOD (2016). ICIMOD contributes to institutionalizing PES schemes in Nepal. Kathmandu: ICIMOD.

IUCN (2004). Jagdishpur and Lakhmapauwa Tal Ramsar Information Sheet. Gland: IUCN.

Kaffashi, S., Shamsudin, M.N., Radam, A., & Rahim, K.A. (2015). Socio-economic reason to save an international wetland. Journal of

Integrative Environmental Sciences, 12(1), 67-83. DOI: 10.1080/1943815X.2014.998685

Kafle, G., & Savillo, I.T. (2009). Present status of Ramsar sites in Nepal. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, 1(5), 146-150.

Kothari, C.R. (2004) Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. 2nd Edition, New Age International Publishers, New Delhi.

Lamsal, P., Atreya, K., Pant, K.P., & Kumar, L. (2015a). An analysis of willingness to pay for community-based conservation activities at the Ghodaghodi lake complex, Nepal. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services and Management, 11 (4), 341–348. DOI: 10.1080/21513732.2015.1055338

Lamsal, P., Pant, K.P., Kumar, L., & Atreya, K. (2015b). Sustainable livelihoods through conservation of wetland resources: a case of economic benefits from Ghodaghodi Lake, western Nepal. Ecology and Society, 20(1), 10. DOI: 10.5751/ES-07172-200110

Lankia, T., Neuvonen, M., Pouta, E., & Sievänen, T. (2014). Willingness to contribute to the management of recreational quality on private lands in Finland. Journal of Forest Economics, 20 (2), 141–160. DOI: 10.1016/j.jfe.2014.04.001

Markandya, A., & Ortiz, R. A. (2011). General introduction to valuation of human health risks. Encyclopedia of Environmental Health. Elsevier.

MFSC. (2014). Nepal Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (2004-2014), Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation, Government of Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal, 2014.

Mitsch, W.J. & Hernandez, M.E. (2013). Landscape and climate change threats to wetlands of North and Central America. Aquatic Sciences, 75(1), 133-149.

Pearce, D. (2001). Valuing biological diversity: issues and overview. In valuation of biodiversity benefits: Selected studies. Paris: OECD. pp. 27-44.

Roberts, L. A., & Leitch, J. A. (1997). Economic valuation of some wetland outputs of Mud Lake, Minnesota-South Dakota. Agricultural Economics Report No. 381. Department of Agricultural Economics North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station North Dakota State University, USA. pp. 1-29

Sibanda, B.M., & Omwega, A.K. (1996). Some reflections on conservation, sustainable development and equitable sharing of benefits from wildlife in Africa: the case of Kenya and Zimbabwe. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 26(4), 175-181.

Thapa, G.J., Thapa, K., Thapa, R., Jnawali, S.R., & Wich, S. (2016). Assessing the status of wetland ecosystems using landscape metrics and satellite imagery. Ecological indicators, 66, 241-252.

WII (2005). Introduction to wetlands, selected reading on wetlands and coastal habitat management, Wildlife Institute of India (WII), Dehradun, India.

Downloads

Published

30-04-2024

How to Cite

Gyawali, R., Sharma, G. B., & Shrestha, J. (2024). ASSESSING THE WILLINGNESS TO PAY FOR CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT OF WETLANDS AT JAGDISPUR RESERVOIR IN KAPILVASTU DISTRICT OF NEPAL. Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research, 11(1), 127–138. https://doi.org/10.59465/ijfr.2024.11.1.127-138