Falcataria moluccana, Amomum cardamomum, eucalyptol, medicinal plants, secondary metabolites


Cardamom (Amomum cardamomum), the ‘Queen of spices’, is a native Indonesian spice, a type of potential biopharmaceutical currently prospective because of its high selling value, especially for its fruit, with various benefits and its wide use. So far, cardamom essential oil comes from the utilization of its fruit, but the production is more limited, unlike the sustainably produced leaves, therefore, its leaves have the potential to be developed. This study aims to analyze the essential oil yield and 1.8-cineol content of cardamom leaves essential oil (CLEO) grown in agroforestry systems. The CLEO was obtained by steam-water distillation, while the 1.8-cineol content was analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The experimental design employed was a Randomized Complete Block Design with three cropping patterns as a treatment and three doses of bokashi fertilizer as blocks. The results showed that the highest yield of CLEO was generated in the sengon + cardamom agroforestry pattern of 3.16%, and the highest content of 1,8-cineol in CLEO was generated in the sengon + cardamom + arrowroot agroforestry pattern of 47.23%, while the lowest yield of CLEO and the 1,8-cineol content were found in the monoculture pattern of 2,02% and 43.16% respectively. Agroforestry practices have the potential to increase 1,8-cineol content and the yield of essential oil in cardamom leaf, which will be prospective in forest management to support forestry multi-business and social forestry programs.


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Author Biographies

Dona Octavia, Graduate Study Program of Tropical Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University

  • Research Center for Ecology and Ethnobiology - National Research and Innovation Agency of Indonesia
  • Senior researcher at Research Center for Ecology and Ethnobiology (RCEE) - National Research and Innovation Agency of Indonesia (BRIN)

  • Team member of Research group for Agroforestry-based Ecosystem Rehabilitation at RCEE

Nurheni Wijayanto, Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University

- Professor and Lecturer at Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University

- Chief of Silviculture Division at Faculty of Forestry IPB

- Chief of Indonesian Silviculture Society

- Chief of The Expert Board at Indonesian Agroforestry Society

- Chief of Division at Indonesian Biodiversity Society

Sri Wilarso Budi, Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University

Professor and Lecturer at Department of Silviculture, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University

Irmanida Batubara, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences; Tropical Biopharmaca Research Center, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

- Professor and Lecturer at Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences;

- Director of Tropical Biopharmaca Research Center, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Sri Suharti, Research Center for Ecology and Ethnobiology - National Research and Innovation Agency of Indonesia

Professor and Principal Researcher at Research Center for Ecology and Ethnobiology - National Research and Innovation (BRIN)


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How to Cite

Octavia, D., Wijayanto, N., Budi, S. W., Batubara, I., & Suharti, S. (2023). THE POTENTIAL OF CARDAMOM LEAF IN THE AGROFORESTRY SYSTEM: ESSENTIAL OIL YIELD AND 1.8-CINEOL CONTENT. Indonesian Journal of Forestry Research, 11(1), 17–32.